Princess Anne (later Queen of Great Britain) and her husband, Prince
George, Duke of Cumberland. William was their only child to survive
infancy. Styled Duke of Gloucester, he was viewed as a Protestant
champion because his birth seemed to cement the Protestant succession
established in the "Glorious Revolution" that had deposed his Catholic
grandfather James II the previous year. Anne was estranged from her
brother-in-law, William III, and her sister, Mary II, but supported the
links that developed between them and her son. Prince William befriended
his Welsh body-servant at his nursery in Campden House, Kensington; his
memoir of the Duke is an important source for historians. William's
precarious health was a constant source of worry to his mother. His
death at the age of eleven precipitated a succession crisis as his
mother was the only individual remaining in the Protestant line of
succession established by the Bill of Rights 1689. To avoid the throne
passing to a Catholic, the Act of Settlement 1701 settled the throne on
Electress Sophia of Hanover, a cousin of King James, and her Protestant
Today's selected anniversaries:
French explorer Antoine de La Mothe Cadillac established Fort
Pontchartrain du Détroit, which later grew into the city of Detroit
The Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti and the Russian Empire signed the
Treaty of Georgievsk, establishing Georgia as a protectorate of Russia.
The Treaty of Lausanne was signed to settle the Anatolian part
of the partitioning of the Ottoman Empire, establishing the boundaries
of modern Turkey.
During a speech in Montreal, French President Charles de Gaulle
declared "Long live free Quebec!", a statement that was interpreted as
support for Quebec independence from Canada.
Having been convicted of accepting bribes, income tax evasion,
and racketeering, James Traficant was expelled from the United States
House of Representatives.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
The quality of being sage, wise, or able to make good decisions; wisdom.
Wikiquote quote of the day:
When a dream is born in you With a sudden clamorous pain, When
you know the dream is true And lovely, with no flaw nor stain, O then,
be careful, or with sudden clutch You'll hurt the delicate thing you
prize so much.
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