[Daily article] July 28: SMS Goeben Published On

SMS Goeben was the second of two Moltke-class battlecruisers of the
Imperial German Navy, launched in 1911 and named after the German
Franco-Prussian War veteran General August Karl von Goeben. Compared to
their British rivals in the Indefatigable class, Goeben and her sister
ship were significantly larger and better armored. After her
commissioning, Goeben, with the light cruiser Breslau, patrolled the
Mediterranean during the Balkan Wars. After the outbreak of World War I
on 28 July 1914, Goeben and Breslau evaded British naval forces and
reached Constantinople. The two ships were transferred to the Ottoman
Empire on 16 August 1914, and Goeben became the flagship of the Ottoman
Navy as Yavuz Sultan Selim. By bombarding Russian facilities in the
Black Sea, she brought Turkey into World War I on the German side. In
later service, she carried the remains of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk from
Istanbul to ─░zmit in 1938. She was decommissioned in 1950 and scrapped
in 1973, after the West German government declined to buy her back. She
was the last surviving ship built by the Imperial German Navy, and the
longest-serving battlecruiser or dreadnought-type ship in any navy.

Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SMS_Goeben>

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Today's selected anniversaries:

1821:

Peruvian War of Independence: Argentine general José de San
Martín declared the independence of Peru from Spain.
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jos%C3%A9_de_San_Mart%C3%ADn>

1866:

At the age of 18, Vinnie Ream became the first and youngest
female artist to receive a commission from the United States government
for a statue—that of Abraham Lincoln in the U.S. Capitol rotunda.
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vinnie_Ream>

1914:

Austria-Hungary declared war after rejecting Serbia's
conditional acceptance of only part of the July Ultimatum following the
assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo, starting World
War I.
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_I>

1976:

An earthquake measuring at least 8.2 on the Richter scale, one
of the deadliest in history, flattened Tangshan, China, killing at least
240,000 people.
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1976_Tangshan_earthquake>

1996:

The remains of the prehistoric Kennewick Man were discovered on
a bank of the Columbia River near Kennewick, Washington, US.
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kennewick_Man>

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Wiktionary's word of the day:

doula:
A support person, usually female, who may not have medical or midwifery
training, who provides emotional assistance to a mother or pregnant
couple before, during or after childbirth.
<https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/doula>

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Wikiquote quote of the day:

   A rationalist is simply someone for whom it is more important
to learn than to be proved right; someone who is willing to learn from
others — not by simply taking over another's opinions, but by gladly
allowing others to criticize his ideas and by gladly criticizing the
ideas of others. The emphasis here is on the idea of criticism or, to be
more precise, critical discussion. The genuine rationalist does not
think that he or anyone else is in possession of the truth; nor does he
think that mere criticism as such helps us achieve new ideas. But he
does think that, in the sphere of ideas, only critical discussion can
help us sort the wheat from the chaff. He is well aware that acceptance
or rejection of an idea is never a purely rational matter; but he thinks
that only critical discussion can give us the maturity to see an idea
from more and more sides and to make a correct judgement of it.  
--Karl Popper
<https://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Karl_Popper>

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